‘Not too hot and not too cold’

88177475_2543093119260958_112126439158972416_n.jpg

The Goldilocks zone around three different type of stars

The Goldilocks Zone.  The above image is a great illustration of the relative size of the habitable zone around different types of star, with stars like our Sun at the bottom.

Even very dim M class dwarf stars (pictured top) could harbour planets with liquid water – the planets would just need to be situated much closer in. These stars can have very active magnetic fields however, frequently throwing harmful radiation out towards any orbiting planets.  M class stars are also extremely stable, some destined to burn for over 100 billions years, much longer than our Sun which has around 4 billion years of fuel left.

In the middle we see the K class dwarf stars. These will also out live our Sun (by a factor of 4), have nice wide zones of habitation, and much less magnetic activity than the M class stars.  Potentially these K class stars are the ideal incubators for the slow evolution of life, and there’s plenty of them. Nearly 13% of stars in our galaxy are K class red dwarfs.  That’s approximately 26 billion in our galaxy alone! 

Rocky-Exoplanet-Orbiting-Red-Dwarf-Star.jpg

An artist’s impression of a rocky world orbiting a red dwarf star, like the M and K class stars mentioned above.

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